In most countries, Sperm Banks are regulated by government agencies. These agencies publish rules and guidelines that determine how tissue banks can operate within their jurisdictions.
The United States
In the United States, sperm banks are highly regulated by the FDA and several state agencies, such as the New York State Department of Health and the California State Department of Health. The primary purpose for these regulations is to protect any unborn children conceived through donor sperm by ensuring the that donors are healthy and free of diseases that are transmissible through semen.
All Sperm Bank operating in the United States must be licensed and regulated by the FDA. An example of a sperm bank that is licensed by the FDA, the State of New York, and the State of California is Seattle Sperm Bank.
The United Kingdom
In the UK, the regulating body is the HFEA (Human Fertilization and Embryology Authority). The HFEA creates guidelines and standards for all UK based fertility centres.
An example of a local UK based fertility centre that specializes in Donor Sperm is Brighton Fertility Associates.